We use primary auxiliary verbs to change the tense or voice of the main verb and ask questions and negatives. There are only three main help verbs: to do, to have, to be. These verbs can also serve as main verbs. If we use them as help verbs, here are the forms we use: we use modal auxiliary verbs to change the “mood” of the main verb. As you can see, modal verbs have only one form at a time. They never change. At school, students often memorize the basic, past and past partizip (sometimes called V1, V2, V3, which means verb 1, verb 2, verb 3) for irregular verbs. You can spend many hours singing: singing, singing, singing; go, go, go; have, had, had; etc. You don`t learn them for regular verbs for a very simple reason – past simple participles are always the same: they are formed by adding “-ed” to the base. We use help verbs (auxiliary verbs) with main verbs.
The tables on this page show the shapes of all help verbs. You don`t learn this section and the 3rd person singular just for regular or irregular verbs for another very simple reason – they never change. This section is always made by adding “-ing” to the base, and the 3rd person singular present is always facilitated by adding “s” to the base (although there are some variations in spelling). Note that in dictionaries, the keyword for a particular verb entry is always in the base form. Try viewing this page on a desktop computer or other device that is compatible with Adobe Flash Player. We use these forms to create all times and other verbal structures in all moods, aspects and voices. Note that “to have,” “to do,” and “to be” also act as helping or auxiliary verbs with exactly the same forms. The main verbs (with the exception of the verb “to be”) have 3, 4 or 5 forms. The verb “to be” has 8 forms.
In the following table, column # shows the actual number of shapes for the specified verb. English verbs come in many forms. For example, the verb can be singing: sing, sing, sing, sing or sing. This is a total of 5 forms. Not much, given that some languages (e.B. French) have more than 30 forms for a single verb. English times can be quite complicated, but the shapes we use to create the times are actually very simple! With the exception of the verb be, the main English verbs have only 3, 4 or 5 forms. Be has 8 forms. Help verbs have even fewer forms, as most of them never change. In this lesson, we will look at the forms of the main verbs and help verbs, followed by a quiz to test your understanding. Please download and install the latest version of Adobe Flash Player. This topic is not available to students in Kindergarten, Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11 and Grade 12.
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