However, organic farmers should not be completely discouraged by the current difficult land rental climate, as their way of producing can be attractive to a single type of landowner. The OFRF will summarize research on the main challenges facing farmers and assess the effectiveness of participation to producers and dissemination of information to stakeholders. An evaluation of the research will be carried out on climate change mitigation, resilience and adaptation. The agency will identify gaps and make recommendations for ecological research priorities that reflect the greatest benefits to producers, communities and the environment. National organic standards address the methods, practices and substances used in the production and handling of processed crops, animals and agricultural products. The standards stipulate that in general, all natural (non-synthetic) substances are allowed in organic production and all synthetic substances are prohibited. The National List of Permitted Synthetic and Non-Synthetic Substances contains specific exceptions to the rule. This summary comes from the USDA`s National Organic Program (NOP). As part of the 3-year agreement, the OFRF will compare the priorities identified in 2016 and 2021 of the National Biological Research Program (NORA), a report that the OFRF produces and publishes every five years. NORA contains comprehensive recommendations for future investments in organic farming based on surveys and listening sessions with organic farmers, and is used to obtain recommendations that the OFRF submits to the USDA to prioritize its programs. Sometimes factors that are not strictly based on costs also need to be taken into account in the agreement. For example, if a landowner wants to switch to organic production and the tenant is not sure or hesitant, it may be a good idea to adjust the crop sharing agreement in favor of the tenant during the transition period. This adjustment would offset the risk of a decline in yield during the transition if the crop is not eligible for organic premiums (a process that usually takes three years).
Conversely, if a tenant wants to transition to organic production, but the landowner is not sure, it may be a good idea to temporarily switch to a multi-year cash lease. The tenant then assumes the return risk during the transition in exchange for the security of a longer-term lease. How should a crop-sharing agreement be structured to provide a fair return to the landowner and tenant in such a situation? The agreement can be adapted in several ways, depending on the preferences and circumstances of the parties concerned. For example: Many acres of former Conservation Reserve Program (CBR) wasteland will be removed from the program this year and next. Most of this country has not had any banned substances for more than five years, making it immediately ready for organic production. However, keep in mind that this fallow land will likely require significant changes to be productive. Please note that the tables in this publication are only examples. The actual tasks and time required for certification can vary greatly depending on the rotation used, the operator`s biological experience and approach, as well as the size of the fields and the farm. 7. If liability insurance is required, indicate whether the tenant is responsible or if there is a “harmless release” agreement so that the landowner is not responsible for the tenant`s activities. You can write your own agreement, but it would be a good idea to ask a lawyer to review it before signing both on the dotted line. Many of these landowners may have never had a written lease before and may be more comfortable starting with a template that can be customized – look for them at your local extension office or on the websites listed at the end of this article.
10. Any restrictions imposed by the landowner must be respected, such as . B the non-management of an area where pheasants nest so that the owners can hunt. This will avoid conflicts over land use in the future. J.I. Rodale, founder of the Rodale Research Institute and the journal Organic Farming and Gardening, is widely regarded as the father of the modern organic farming movement. Beginning in the 1940s, Rodale provided the primary source of information on “non-chemical” farming methods and had a great influence on the development of organic farming methods. Rodale drew much of his ideas from Sir Albert Howard, a British scientist who observed traditional systems in India for years. Howard advocated for farming systems that rely on the return of crop residues, green manure and waste to the soil, and promoted the idea of working with nature by using deep-rooted plants to extract nutrients from the soil. Farmers` Legal Action Group, Inc.
(FLAG) will organize a farmer-friendly legal guide, Organic Farmers` Guide to Contracts, with a two-year grant of $109,200 from the USDA/NIFA Organic Agriculture Research and Extension Initiative (OREI).
This integrated project proposal will provide current and evolving organic farmers with a critical, concise and accessible guide to interpreting and managing legal contracts with processors, traders and retailers who increasingly dominate farmers` ability to successfully market organic agricultural products.
The organic sector uses contracts at a much higher rate than the conventional sector. However, there is little independent and reliable legal information available to the country`s 20,000 organic farmers when a production or marketing contract is presented to them or they wish to offer.
The objective of this project is to develop and demonstrate educational tools for best practices that improve the ability of agricultural producers to make informed decisions and manage their risks when accepting contracts for the sale of their organic agricultural products; and to promote a marketing system in which producers and processors, merchants and retailers can thrive. For more information, see www.ams.usda.gov/nop/ or call the USDA NOP, (202) 720-3252. Organic Farm Certification and the National Organic Program are available free of charge at ATTRA, (800) 346-9140 or attra.ncat.org/topics/organic-certification/. The organic farming standards that apply to animals used for meat, milk, eggs and other animal products state: Although the actual production techniques of organic food have not changed dramatically since the introduction of the national standards, “organic” is now a labelling term that indicates that the food has been grown in accordance with the federal guidelines of the Organic Food Production Act. The national standards also state that all producers who sell more than $5,000 per year in agricultural products and wish to label their product as “organic” must be certified by a USDA-accredited organization. Companies that process organic food must also be certified.
9. The landowner may want to require the tenant to maintain organic certification status for the term of the lease and may want to include a provision that you pay a penalty if you choose not to pursue organic farming. The Farmers` Guide to Organic Contracts can help farmers with all types of agricultural contracts, but the main purpose of the guide is to serve farms certified organic under the U.S. Department of Agriculture`s (USDA) National Organic Program (NOP) regulations. Specific suggestions and information for certified organic farms are highlighted throughout the guide, which features a color-coded symbol system designed to improve readers` understanding. The Organic Farming Research Foundation (OFRF) has entered into a 3-year cooperation agreement with the USDA`s National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA). The OFRF will be responsible for analysing investments in organic products under two key programmes: the Organic Agriculture Research and Extension Initiative (OREI) and the Organic Transitions Grant Programme (ORG) by raw materials, regions and research themes. Many organic producers in the Upper Midwest again had weather problems in 2013 and could therefore try to amortize their production capacity by renting additional land for grain or pasture in 2014. .